Prefrontal Cortex: From Synaptic Plasticity to Cognition

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NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address. Skip to main content. Acute stress enhances glutamatergic transmission in prefrontal cortex and facilitates working memory Eunice Y. Yuen , Wenhua Liu , Ilia N. Karatsoreos , Jian Feng , Bruce S. McEwen , and Zhen Yan. Eunice Y. Contributed by Bruce S.

Prefrontal Cortex, From Synaptic Plasticity to Cognition | Prefrontal Cortex | Cerebral Cortex

McEwen, June 17, received for review April 13, Abstract The prefrontal cortex PFC , a key brain region controlling cognition and emotion, is strongly influenced by stress. Discussion Cortisol corticosterone in rodents , the major stress hormone, serves as a key controller for neuronal responses that underlie behavioral adaptation, as well as maladaptive changes that lead to cognitive and emotional disturbances in stress-related mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD 1 — 3.

Materials and Methods Stress Paradigm. Electrophysiological Recording in Slices. Radioimmunoassays for Corticosterone Measurement. Biochemical Measurement of Surface-Expressed Receptors. Behavioral Tests. Footnotes 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed.


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The authors declare no conflict of interest. Nat Rev Neurosci 6 : — McEwen BS Protective and damaging effects of stress mediators. N Engl J Med : — Physiol Rev 87 : — Science : — Trends Cogn Sci 10 : — McEwen BS Stress and hippocampal plasticity. Annu Rev Neurosci 22 : — Liston C , et al. Stress-induced alterations in prefrontal cortical dendritic morphology predict selective impairments in perceptual attentional set-shifting. J Neurosci 26 : — Lupien SJ , et al. The modulatory effects of corticosteroids on cognition: Studies in young human populations.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 27 : — Hippocampus 2 : — Behav Neurosci : — Trends Pharmacol Sci 27 : — Cerqueira JJ , et al. Morphological correlates of corticosteroid-induced changes in prefrontal cortex-dependent behaviors. J Neurosci 25 : — Goldman-Rakic PS Cellular basis of working memory.

Neuron 14 : — Nat Neurosci 1 : — Annu Rev Pharm Toxicol 42 : — Moghaddam B Bringing order to the glutamate chaos in schizophrenia. Neuron 40 : — Larsen JK , Divac I Selective ablations within the prefrontal cortex of the rat and performance of delayed alternation.

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Physiolog Psychol 6 : 15 — J Neurosci 23 : — Nature : — Funder JW Glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors: Biology and clinical relevance. Annu Rev Med 48 : — Ramos BP , et al. Dysregulation of protein kinase A signaling in the aged prefrontal cortex: New strategy for treating age-related cognitive decline. Hunsberger JG , et al. Antidepressant actions of the exercise-regulated gene VGF.

4.4 Synaptic plasticity

Nat Med 13 : — J Neurosci 27 : — Acute modulation of aged human memory by pharmacological manipulation of glucocorticoids. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87 : — Porcelli AJ , et al. The effects of acute stress on human prefrontal working memory systems. Physiol Behav 95 : — NeuroReport 5 : — OpenUrl PubMed. Neuroscience 68 : — Learn Mem 15 : — Neural Plast : Yuen EY , et al. J Physiol : — Previous Next. Back to top. Article Alerts. Email Article. Thank you for your interest in spreading the word on PNAS. You are going to email the following Acute stress enhances glutamatergic transmission in prefrontal cortex and facilitates working memory.

Your Personal Message. Send Message. Citation Tools. Acute stress enhances glutamatergic transmission in prefrontal cortex and facilitates working memory. McEwen , Zhen Yan. Request Permissions. Share This Article: Copy. Tweet Widget Facebook Like Mendeley. Current Issue. Sign up for Article Alerts. Article Classifications Biological Sciences Neuroscience.

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